Take a Position

The Short Version

The CASSE position sets the record straight on the fundamental conflict between GDP growth and environmental protection. Climate change, biodiversity loss, and pollution are just three powerful examples. And what happens to jobs when the planet can’t support the bloated economy? What happens to national security and international stability?

The CASSE position calls for the sustainable solution – a steady state economy with stabilized population and consumption – beginning in the wealthiest nations and spreading via “steady statesmanship.”

The Steady Stater Newsletter

The Steady Stater is CASSE’s e-mail newsletter. Topics include CASSE operations, chapter reports, steady-state endorsements, policy developments, and general steady-state news. Subscribe now!

Past issues:



Briefing Papers

Given that continuous economic growth is wishful thinking, we explore other options for managing our economic affairs.


Technological Progress in a Steady State Economy

In a steady state economy, businesses, universities, and governments continue to pursue technological progress to the benefit of society, but technology is not deployed to grow the economy.  In the current economic paradigm, when limits to growth become cumbersome, technology is developed to deal with those limits.  If the technology works, we get a bit of breathing room.  In a steady state economy, that breathing room is used for leisure,

Money and Investments

Money and Investments in a Steady State Economy

In a steady state economy, people adjust their expectations about money and investing to match reality.  We stop believing in get-rich-quick and Ponzi schemes, and set our expectations to receive real returns on real investments. Lower interest rates prevail, and investments are used to support local economies, improve the stock of human-made structures and machinery, and support innovative and useful technologies. Stocks, mutual funds, and other investment tools feature lower risk and more stable returns.


Energy Use in a Steady State Economy

In a steady state economy, conservation of energy is held in high regard.  People look for ways to accomplish their goals while minimizing energy inputs. Societies phase out fossil fuels, and instead favor energy sources that use solar income, such as photovoltaic cells, wind turbines, biofuels and hydroelectric generators. Businesses and households retrofit existing structures to be more energy-efficient, and eliminate machines that consume wasteful amounts of energy,

Jobs and Business

Jobs and Business in a Steady State Economy

In a steady state economy, jobs are more secure, and local businesses contribute significantly to thriving communities. A main feature of a steady state economy is stabilized population. With a stable population, there is not a constant need to create more jobs, because the size of the working-age population is not increasing. Another main feature of a steady state economy is efficient and sustainable use of materials and energy.

Conservation and Environment

Environmental Quality in a Steady State Economy

The most important characteristic of a steady state economy is sustainable scale, meaning that the economy fits within the carrying capacity of the ecosystems that contain it. An economy of sustainable scale, therefore, has more room for nature. Without a continuously growing economy to crowd out more and more nature, citizens can focus on stewardship of natural resources and the services they provide — services that are critical to life on Earth.


Transportation in a Steady State Economy

Transportation is all about the ability to move people and stuff relatively quickly from one place to another in safety and, in the case of people, comfort. In a steady state economy, citizens select from an efficient menu of transportation choices. Cycling, the most efficient form of transportation invented by humans, is emphasized. Smoothly operated mass transit systems carry people to and fro in urban centers. Private motorized vehicles are de-emphasized,